It is recommended that people with diabetes eat a healthy diet rich in vegetables, high in fibre and low in fat, sugar and salt, with regular moderate quantities of fruit.
Blood glucose levels are directly affected by the kind of carbohydrate that is eaten. Simple carbohydrates such as sugar will raise blood glucose levels faster than complex carbohydrates such as wholegrain bread or brown rice. Other alternatives would be rolled oats, lentils, chickpeas, and cooked dried beans as part of carbohydrate allocation.
The amount of carbohydrate that is eaten also has an effect on blood glucose levels. The recommendation is to eat three meals each day with approximately the same amount of carbohydrate at each meal to help maintain stable blood glucose levels. People who are overweight and/or have difficulty managing their glucose levels may need to reduce their carbohydrate servings further.
To help calculate how much carbohydrate to eat keep the ‘Healthy Plate Model’ in mind. Please note that the recommendation to have ¼ of a plate of carbohydrate is a guide only.